How forged steel knives are made

There are two main types of knives on the market today – Forged Steel and Stainless steel. Forged steel knives require more maintenance, but are easier to sharpen and most top quality knives are made of the forged varieties. Here below is how forged steel knives are made.

Many commercial companies that forge steel knives have been using 5160, 1084 and 1080. These are types of steel are used to create consumer grade forged steel knives. Each type of steel has consistent and unique properties.The initial step for the art of shaping the metal is called grain refinement which is composed of normalization, quenching and tempering.

At normalization, the stresses are removed from the blade that were created during it was forged. The blades are heated to a critical temperature of just about 1450 degrees Fahrenheit in a special furnace. The blades are cooled slowly in air and then continuously repeated three times depending on the type of steel used.

How to forge a knife

To refine the structure of the steel, the blades are said to be quenched. The knives are again heated to 1600 degrees Fahrenheit in a furnace. The blades are then dip into a liquid for it cool. The blades must have a temperature of 900 degrees Fahrenheit after it was dipped. The process is repeated for at least two times.

After quenching, the knife is still brittle and can be damaged if it is not tempered. Without being tempered, the knife has decreased hardness. The knives are again heated to 1000 degrees Fahrenheit. The blades are allowed to cool on still air.

Since the metal is still soft after it was heated, it is then grinded to take shaped. Using a belt grinder, the steel will take shape of a knife.

Once the knife has undergone the initial step, hardening takes place. To ultimately harden the knife, the blade will then be placed inside the furnace to a temperature of 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. After the metal will reach this temperature, it will be then dip again for the metal to cool rapidly. The rapid cooling will create a crystalline structure that is impervious to breaking.

Since the hardening did not convert all the metal to a crystalline structure, the knife will be then subjected to a low temperature. During heating, the blade will be placed inside a salt tank and the duration will be 3 hours per turn. The said process will be repeated for at least two times.

The knife is said to be finish but must be polished to create a good look. The shape is refined to a blade silhouette and the edge is finalized to create a proper geometry. Belt sands are used to create different finishes depending on the design. .

A rustic finished is sand blasted to 60 microns, standard finished is sand blasted to 40 microns and tactical finished is sand blasted to 35 microns and etched in grey finished for design purposes.

Our Opinion of Stamped Steel – New Generation of Knife Steel

Made from Stamped Steel – the knife is lighter than it’s forged steel cousins such as Victorinox 8-Inch Chef’s Knife . The cold rolled steel blade is crafted out of stainless steel and comes delivered with a razor sharp, conical ground blade that has been ice tempered for extended use between sharpenings. The handle is made of solid rosewood finished in a chestnut lacquer.

A solid entry level chef knife, the Victorinox 8 Inch Chef’s Knife is both cosmetically appealing and functional. I love this knife. It’s sharper than any best paring knife I have purchased. Stays sharp and cuts tomatoes like butter, unlike some knives that smash the tomato flat.

The Victorinox 8 Inch Chef’s Knife is light and easy to use. The 8 inch blade is long enough to use for a wide variety of tasks and the knife was delivered with an impressive razor fine edge.

Although considerably lighter than knives made of forged steel, this knife will quickly become a favorite cutting tool for lighter jobs such as tomato cutting or soft vegetables such as celery or onions. For tougher root vegetables, the lightness of the knife works against it because of the reduced weight of the knife – making it necessary to use a lot more force on older potatoes.

You shouldn’t though expect this knife to last forever. Because it’s made out of stamped steel rather than forged, the edge will not last as long and will break down from sharpening considerably quicker than a forged steel will. Never the less, the knife for it’s value is a very good buy. Victorinox is owned by the famous Swiss Army Knife company and is made in Swizterland from a high carbon stainless steel.

The blade is sharpened from tip to handle, and features a fully riveted rosewood grip. Because the knife is made from stainless steel, it is dishwasher safe but it is not recommended to leave the knife soaking in water for extended periods as the Rosewood Handle could lose it’s finish – and we did notice a dulling in the finish of the handle after several dishwasher uses. Hand washing is best for all knives.

Founded in 2015, TheKnivester.com is the web’s best resource for information and reviews on all sorts of knives. It specializes in providing in depth analytical content that will help you make the best decision possible when purchasing your next knife.

How To Choose a Right Espresso Machine?

There are basically two types of machines used in making espresso coffee. These machines include:

1. Steam driven machine

2. Pump driven machine

Below we are going to analyze the features of each and later at the end of the article make a conclusion as to what espresso machine to buy in order to make espresso coffee.

STEAM DRIVEN MACHINE

This espresso making machine uses steam pressure to make coffee. It forces the water to pass through the coffee grounds and produce espresso. Steam driven machine produce foam but do not provide the precise temperature required for a perfect espresso. One main advantage of the steam driven machine is that it costs less than the pump driven machine.

PUMP DRIVEN MACHINE

They pump driven machines use an electric powered pump to force water through the coffee grounds. There are two types of pump driven espresso making machines. They include:

  • Super automatic espresso machines
  • Semi automatic espresso machines

I am going to review this two types, how they work and their features.

Super automatic espresso machines – They are fully automated and almost all of their brewing operations are carried out with a press of a button. The brewers role is limited to filling the hopper with coffee ground and turning the machine on. The features of a super automatic espresso machine are as below:

  • Filling of water can be done manually or the user can connect the machine to a source where by the water is filled automatically.
  • The super automated espresso machine is one touch kind of a machine. All one is required to do is fill the coffee grounds and within minutes he or she has has his espresso ready.
  • There are models of the above machine that can dispense milk hence more options e.g. making latte.

Semi-automatic espresso machine – This is a machine that is not fully automated. Some operations are manually carried out while others are automatic. This espresso machine allows one to add a personal touch to his cup of espresso. The features include:

  • Controlled water temperature and pressure hence elimination of inconsistencies
  • One can adjust the steam and water flow to his liking.
  • Pump is manually operated hence can turn it on and off as he desires.iv. Lack of an in built grinder hence one has to use ground coffee.

CONCLUSION

If one does not have a big budget and wants to buy a cheap espresso machine then he should buy a steam driven espresso machine.
For persons who want to add a personal touch to their espresso a semi automatic espresso machine is the way to go but it is also tedious.
If one wants a good quality cup of espresso coffee he should buy a pump driven espresso machine and in that case a semi automatic espresso machine.
People who are busy and do not have much time to spend making coffee, they should buy the super automatic espresso machine.

Brewing the Best Coffee Possible with a French Coffee Press

For coffee lovers who want the best quality coffee possible, a conventional coffee pot will not be good enough. Nothing is better than the French press for its intense flavor and style. Allowing the coffee beans to mix directly with the water creates a thick and more flavorful cup of coffee because the French press allows the beans essential oils and sediments are not filtered out like they would be in an auto drip coffee maker. If you have a press, go dig it out from the cupboard and use the below ideas to get the best tasting coffee possible. Once you try the press, you may never want to go back to coffee makers again!

Cleaning the Coffee Press

The coffee press should be cleaned after each use to make sure that it stays in the optimum condition. The chafe can be washed in warm soapy water with your other dishes. The filter should be removed immediately after using the press. The filter will need to be disassembled before it can be cleaned. The disassembly and reassembly depends on the type of filter and you will need to pay close attention. The best method for cleaning the filter is using baking soda, warm water and an old toothbrush. Scrub the filter, rinse and repeat. You will know when it’s clean when it there is no smell of coffee in the filter. Instant coffee is best option for you, you can buy it at Four Estate CoffeeHouse.

Preventing Sediment

One problem with a French coffee press is that sediment can accumulate in the bottom of the press or in your cup if the coffee is finely grounded. This results from people using the blade grinder instead of the burr grinder. Make sure the coffee is coarsely grounded because finely grounded coffee won’t get caught in the filter efficiently which may be difficult to depress the plunger.

Smelling Coffee Beans

The best coffee is partially a matter of taste. People should smell their coffee beans before they try them so that they can get a sense of what the coffee will taste like. It is also important to grind the coffee beans instead of buying already ground coffee beans. In fact, the coffee beans should be ground as close to the time of drinking the coffee as possible to maximize the flavor.

Roasting Green Coffee Beans

Even better is to get green coffee beans and roast them. All coffee begins as green coffee beans and they are then roasted to give them the characteristic brown color. If you’re the do-it-yourself type then you can roast your own beans using an old hot air popper or a cast iron skillet. Make sure that you evenly roast the beans and not scorching them.

Purify the Water for the Best Taste

When people drink coffee, they are really drinking water with coffee added to it. For this reason, the taste of the coffee is largely determined by the quality of the water used to make the coffee. Purifying water will improve the quality of the coffee and can be performed affordably using water filter. Also, water shouldn’t be used that has an unpleasant smell because that water will end up in the coffee. Also, the water must be at a temperature between 195 degrees Fahrenheit and 200 degrees to produce the best possible cup of coffee.

Adding the Ingredients

All of these preparatory factors are not required to make a good cup of coffee and can be skipped for those who are in a hurry. However, each technique will contribute to making a better cup of coffee. With the water purified and the coffee beans freshly ground, coffee enthusiasts can measure out two tablespoons of coffee for every 8 ounces of water. For best results, the coffee should be dry and placed in a clean pot.

Brewing Process

  • Add the hot water to the pot slowly. Gently stir the water while doing so.
  • Place the lid on the coffee press in such a way that the steam from the coffee is not able to easily escape.
  • Start the plunge after three to five minutes. Push the plunger down carefully so that the screen pushes the grinds to the bottom.
  • Replunge if the grinds begin to escape. Push slowly.
  • Now the coffee is ready to be poured and enjoyed!

Refill anyone?

Tips For The Backpacking Made Easy

It is always a good news for a mother and her family to welcome a new little one.  In case if the to be mom is very fond of camping then she would feel her stare as a hurdle. She may think that she cannot go for camping trips any more. But she is wrong as she can still have fun while being in this state. Certainly you can plan a trekking and camping trip, but there are precautions to be taken. It will keep your baby in the womb very secured. The precautions are mentioned in the article. These points must be taken care while you plan an adventure and fun trip while you are pregnant.

  • Meet your Doctor and follow the doctor’s advice before planning the trip

It is a necessity to seek  your gynecologist suggestions before you decide and plan the adventure trip. Before you leave for the trip get yourself thoroughly checked. The doctor would check your medical fitness and the pregnancy status. If there are no complications then the doctor would certainly give you a go ahead for the trip. If you are an experienced hiker then you should not face any difficulty in taking up such camping trip. There would be certain norms that you will have to strictly follow. Few examples do not go all alone on the trip. Get someone’s company. Do not go to higher levels and do not indulge yourself in climbing the steep rocks. You need to carry certain kinds of food according to the doctor’s advice. You need to take the vaccinations that  would be suggested by your gynecologist. To make your trip safe and secured take all possible precautions  so the baby in your womb stays comfortable.

backpacking guide

  • Carry  light camping equipments and gears.

The need is to carry light gears that are required during the trip. Nowadays all outdoor stores are well equipped with the light weight gears. You need to shell out some extra money to get the light weight equipments. It is easy to get tired fast while you are pregnant. Buy light weight hiking shoes. As you will be travelling along a partner, let him carry half of the weight. You would be carrying the essential items like –tent, rain jacket, prescribed medicines, best backpacking stove, sleeping bag, water filter, sunglasses, sunscreen cooking sachets etc. to keep yourself light do not hesitate in shelling out the extra bucks. It is for your own safety. Search the stuff online as you do not need to rush anywhere. Many good products and brands are available online and they do free home delivery too.

camping gear

  • Take easy trails for the trip

An expectant mother should take it easy on the camping region. Even if you are one of the best hiker and are very tempted to go on the difficult trails, then also do not do it for the little life breathing inside you. You can keep all your temptations inside and fulfil them later. You need to stay away from any kind of accidental regions and situations. Prefer to go on the flat terrains. Avoid going on the rocks as climbing down the rocks may create a threat. Safety should be the priority and then think about the adventure part.  You must not starve or stay thirsty. Keep yourself hydrated. Drink lots of water. Rest whenever you feel tired. Do not push yourself very hard. Well cover your knees. Always keep some handy food like nuts, dried fruits, etc. with you. Stay in touch with your family and the doctor. Carry mosquito repellents to avoid yourself from mosquito bites.

Select your trip to such place where there is a natural source of water. You have to drink filtered water only. Stay away from any type of contamination and infections. Use the hand sanitizer. Protect yourself from any  situation where you can be injured or fall. Take help of your camping partner whenever needed. Contact your doctor immediately if you feel something unusual with your body. The doctor must know your schedule of the camping and must be aware of getting any calls from your end.

The Best Coffee Is At Home

For those who have ever dream to have home a perfectly balanced “Cappucino” or “Latte” tasting like the ones we can get at “Café Grumpy” in NYC, the answer is Nespresso pixie espresso maker. As a tourist in NYC I went to this coffee shop wondering what taste my “Cappucino” would be..and it was just delicious. Since then, I decided to get a Nespresso pixie espresso maker in order to have home “the best coffee in town” having in my mind the good memories of that summer holidays with my boyfriend now being my husband. I chose this particular coffee maker because I liked the cut design and color matching the color of my kitchen which is all brand new and, furthermore, it has a small handy size which is quite attractive. I am the type of being grumpy ( friendly applation for this nice coffee shop don’t you think?) when I just wake up and badly needs a good coffee to get my eyes straight. I must say that I love coffee. it makes me feel all warm in the inside and is an essential part of my day. In fact, it’s right up there with showering and brushing my teeth as a daily necessity.

While many may laugh at this addiction, others will nod their heads in agreement.I hate spending some time preparing it though, so Nespresso Pixie is just perfect to people like me as it allows us to prepare coffee very quickly. It has the capability to heat up very quickly and the coffee we get is very good and tasty, very hot which is a prerequisite for me, with excellent crema, just like the one you get at your favorite coffee shop.

Furthermore, its small size suits small kitchens which is practical when you live in an tiny apartment in the city. I often prepare a coffee to my husband tasting mine at the same time, that I bring to him in bed. I can tell you that’s the time of the day when I get the bigger smile on his scary sleepy face. In case you’ve been living under a rock for ther past 21 yearts of your life, let me clear something up for you Coffee is good for your health. Science agrees. It happens that I am addicted to coffee but not any coffee, I am quite fussy on tastes too, you may irnagine..so since I now that Coffee lovers are more likely to live longer, to be better athletes ( both on the field and at the gym), I am not ready to quite this habit, neither my husband. Sometimes after dinner when we feel like having a little treat, we pour our espresso over ice cream for a refreshing affogato. There is always adventure involved in tasting the mix of new flavors. I drink coffee like some people may drink wine. I could spend half of my day sitting down, grabbing a book an brewing up a cup of coffee. Having said this, it actually made me crave another cup of coffee today. I cannot wait to enjoy it.

Where to Buy Cheap Espresso Machine

Nowadays, people are getting more and more interested in having Espresso machine. Do you love cappuccino or latte but do not want to go to the shop? If yes, then, you most consider buying one to be placed at your home or at your work area by having your own espresso machine, you do not have to search for shop to buy the cappuccino. You just need simply to make it by using your own best espresso machine in 2016 – My Espresso Machine. Despite of saving money, you could also save your precious time so that you might use it to do the other important activities of yours. Well, everybody must be wondered and questioned of where they must purchase the qualified espresso machine but cheap. Actually, shopping online at website must be better than the local shop. That is because you will get discount and be free in choosing one which you delight most moreover, your order will be free shipping.

espresso-machine-690498_960_720

Here are online shop which you have to consider as place for buying the espresso machine.

1. Amazon

Every person must know Amazon. this is because this online shop has been popular, not only in America but also in other worlds including Asia, Arabia, etc. Almost all goods sold in Amazon are great in quality. here, you will get discount up to 15%. Your espresso machine which you have ordered will be shipped within no more than three days. If you find your good is broken or damaged, you might be able to contact Amazon and you will get the replacement soon.

2. Illy eSHOP

In this website, you could be free in comparing one with others by seeing the pictures and reading its details. There are many types of espresso machine at illy eSHOP. One of it is Francis. Francis is the famous one which is usually liked by people. By having USD $179, you would be able to get one espresso machine at illy eSHOP.

3. Wal-mart

Same as Amazon, Wal-mart is one of the best online shop which sells many products including furniture, ring, bed, espresso machine, etc. People especially those who are from middle low economy class love purchasing many products at Wal-mart. There, you might be able to find plenty products available in different selection of color, price, model, and material.

4. De’Longhi Magnifica

This becomes one of online shop which is originally from US. Yet, though it is from US, it does not mean that the buyers are from US only there are many who are from Asia that also buys the espresso machine at De’Longhi Magnifica. The quality of espresso machine which is sold at this online shop could not be doubted anymore. The minus side of this online shop is that there are several espresso machine which is not for sale on website. Therefore, you have to directly go there to get that definite espresso machine. From those choices of online shops, Amazon and Wal-mart might be best online shops since there will be discount and free shipping available. Moreover, you could ask for replacement without paying any fee if you find your order damaged.